Alkaline batteries are manganese dioxide as cathode, zinc as the anode, potassium hydroxide as the electrolyte. Its characteristics less carbon-zinc battery excellent, electricity capacity, in order to Jinding alkaline battery, for example, the average than the carbon-zinc battery power more than 5 times (in multiples of the power will vary due to electrical products), preservation of good, leak-resistant fluid nature of good, good temperature resistance, voltage change is small, available and stable voltage, high current can still be high-efficiency Dell Inspiron E1705 battery discharge, so the size of current devices are suitable for use.
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Waste dry battery have a negative impact on the environment (even minor) was mainly because of mercury Dell Studio 1536 battery. Therefore, developed countries begin to control the battery earlier in the mercury content, to promote the development of security is conducive to environmental protection, battery products, banning the production of mercury greater than 0.025% weight of the battery cell. The 20th century, the early 90s, the major developed countries have achieved a mercury-free battery (mercury-containing volume of 0.0001% or less Dell Studio 1537 battery).
The battery management policy, the policies of developed countries can be summarized into two categories.
The first category is for the ordinary dry batteries of Dell Studio 1555 battery. The Government asked manufacturers to gradually reduce the mercury content in batteries, an eventual ban of mercury added to the cells. This requirement is to eliminate all mercury-containing products, processes a part of, not just for the battery industry. Now, almost all developed countries is prohibited to add mercury to the battery.
The second category policy applies to rechargeable battery. Passed legislation requiring manufacturers to phase out cadmium battery. At present, the nickel-metal hydride battery, lithium batteries are gradually replacing nickel-cadmium battery. Some countries, Electrical Manufacturers Association initiated the recycling of rechargeable Dell Vostro 1710 battery, the effect is relatively significant. This is mainly because the rechargeable battery of the total consumption was relatively low (compared with ordinary dry batteries), a smaller range of applications, easy way to collect through the trade-in, and the recovery of higher value, so this is easier to collect used Dell Vostro 1720 battery .
The hazards of waste battery: batteries discarded in the nature of mercury will slowly overflow from the battery into the soil or water, and then enter the body through the crops, damage people’s kidneys. Under the action of microorganisms, inorganic mercury can be transformed into methylmercury, gathered in the fish’s body, the human consumption of this fish, the methylmercury enters the human brain cells, people’s nervous systems were severely damaged, re – who would be crazy to death. Well-known Minamata disease in Japan is caused by methylmercury. Cadmium Dell Vostro 1520 battery exudative contaminated land and water bodies, and eventually enter the human body makes the liver and kidney damage, can also cause bone soft, heavy causing skeletal deformities. Automotive Waste batteries contain acids and heavy metals leaking into the nature of lead Dell Vostro 2510 battery can cause soil and water pollution, and ultimately harm people.
Recycling of waste battery: the popularity and variety of home appliances increased, resulting sharp increase in the use of the battery. Waste batteries mixed with garbage, not only pollute the environment, but also a waste. National annual consumption of the battery 30 million, were lost due to non-recovery of 740 tons of copper, zinc and 16,000 tons, 97,000 tons of manganese Dell Studio 15 battery powder. We should be separated from waste batteries and other trash, together sent to recycling. Many countries attach great importance to the recycling of waste battery. Germany’s many shops asking customers to buy the battery at the same time used battery should be returned to the store; Japanese exclusive Dell Studio 1535 battery bins to collect used batteries of different.
According to Roland Berger predicted that by 2020 will be the major markets in Western Europe, electric vehicles and plug-in hybrids will be more than 3 million annual battery sales, China ranked second to reach 1.58 million Lenovo ThinkPad i1210 battery units.
With the plug-in hybrids, electric cars all the relevant components, the Roland Berger predicts that by 2020, the battery components in the global market share in the largest share of the market size in 9600000000-297 euros between. Now that the Chinese suppliers and Japan, South Korea, North America, Europe, the supplier has a significant cost advantage compared to Lenovo ThinkPad i1200 battery, so in the future the standard battery in quality, longevity and price differences will become increasingly smaller.
Roland Berger believes that demand for electric vehicle batteries will be the future of lithium the main source of output growth is expected by 2020 there will be eye-catching 70% of the average annual compound growth rate. Despite the significant growth in demand, but because of higher reserves, experts do not believe that the production of lithium will be a shortage Lenovo ThinkPad i1100 battery, but there might be a price increase in the risk of a temporary existence.
The State Council Development Research Center of Industrial Economics Research Department, Feng Fei energy experts believe that the two sides are expected to take the lead in the field of electric vehicles for cooperation, China’s Xinhua (600,795, stock bar) moving car has a huge market and low-cost manufacturing advantage, However, the overall level of the automotive industry, industrial technology, infrastructure Lenovo ThinkPad i1271 battery was not enough, the United States is precisely in this area has a great advantage, so the two sides take the lead in the field of electric vehicles to launch a new type of automotive products, will become a reality.
Automotive Li-ion batteries next year doubling
As the environment-friendly vehicles on a global scale are sought after, hybrid and electric cars sells the next few years, automotive lithium battery market will expand rapidly. Fuji Institute of Economic Research reported that after 2010 cars lithium battery market will quickly recover and continue to expand Lenovo ThinkPad i1260 battery. The report predicts that by 2014, global battery manufacturers than the amount of total shipments in 2008 increased 45.2%, to 6.2392 trillion yen. Among them, rechargeable battery market will be extended to 4.9983 trillion yen, an increase of 66.8%. It is worth mentioning that the needs of the automotive industry will become the main engine battery market expansion is expected in 2009 automotive lithium battery shipments will amount to ¥ 10,400,000,000 in 2008, based on double to ¥ 25,000,000,000; By 2014, the market size will rapidly expand Lenovo ThinkPad i1250 battery to 2.25 trillion yen, is about 215 times in 2008.
International management consulting firm Roland Berger Strategy on global prospects for new energy vehicles the latest research report predicts that by 2020 China’s electric power drive assembly parts and components market worth 10 billion euros Chao, of which 2011, 2014 and 2017 the market value of 600 million Lenovo ThinkPad i1241 battery, respectively, 2.4 billion and 56 billion euros, the estimated market value of the middle in 2020 will reach 6.5 billion euros, even a conservative estimate will reach 2.4 billion euros. Based on the forecast the next 10 years, Chinese enterprises in the future hybrid and electric vehicle developments in the field have an advantage, in particular, the core components, including battery developments in the field has great potential because the Chinese enterprises have the raw material Lenovo ThinkPad i1230 battery cost advantages, manufacturing equipment and labor cost advantage.
CITIC Securities (600.03 thousand, stock bar) auto industry analyst Cheng believes that this concept of some new energy battery companies, such as Shanshangufen (600,884, stock bar), Jiangsu Guotai (002,091, stock bar), etc. battery production businesses to benefit from more, but for the entire auto sector in particular, SAIC, FAW and other large ThinkPad i1361 battery automobile companies little effect. Energy vehicles would be more car industry and its upstream segment of the cell concept the company have some impact. March release, “the automobile industry restructuring and revitalization plan” submitted in 2011 to form a production capacity of 500,000 short-term goal, which is currently more than 1300 million units for the production of the automobile industry is concerned, a very small proportion of new energy vehicles. For their own smaller battery companies to the past, mainly the supply of mobile phones, computers and other battery-shift production of motive power batteries, 500,000 will be a tremendous volume of business, therefore, the emergence of new Lenovo ThinkPad i1351 battery energy concepts will greatly enhance the performance of these enterprises .
As early as March 2009 “issued by the automobile industry restructuring and revitalization of planning” in response to new energy vehicles in the electric car, Development and Reform Commission had been clearly put forward in 2011 to form a production capacity of 500,000 short-term goal. It is understood that electric vehicles, power batteries, electric motors, Lenovo ThinkPad i1300 battery power electronics, the cost of key components, accounting for the cost of electric vehicle 30% -50%. Based on the calculation 500,000 electric vehicles an annual production value is expected to reach 1,000 billion yuan.
Previously, the two countries issued a joint statement in Beijing, the two sides agreed in the next five years, Sino-US Joint Research Center of clean energy investment of at least 150 million U.S. dollars, priority research topics will be clean cars. The market believes that the Sino-US Joint Declaration on cooperation in such new Lenovo ThinkPad i130 battery energy sources, digital, relatively rare in history, the new energy vehicles are expected to form a substantial positive plate.
Increasingly urgent issue of climate change, Copenhagen’s ability to achieve control of IBM Thinkpad R500 battery temperature rise within 2 ℃ goal is related to the serious problem of human existence,. It is generally expected, and Costa will be the focus of the participating countries will focus on specific emission reduction commitments, analysts believe that this will contribute directly to the new energy battery industry and the development of green lighting.
New Energy Battery Industry: benefits of new energy vehicle development program
According to media reports, the National Development and Reform Commission automobile the team leader Wang Shulin, has revealed “new energy vehicle development program” has been submitted to the State Council, is expected to formally promulgated in March 2010. In addition, the state departments will also be launched next year, the development of new energy vehicles for the five supporting measures. Analysts believe that new energy battery industry will be more benefit from the concept of new Lenovo ThinkPad i1391 battery vehicles.
The new energy vehicles will be introduced in March next year
While the concept of new energy market, stir-fried, at the policy level came good constantly. Recently held in Nanchang, the new energy vehicles and lithium-ion batteries feature forums, the National Development and Reform Commission automobile team leader Wang Shu-lin said that China will soon release new energy vehicles, technical specification, and the new Lenovo ThinkPad i1370 battery vehicle development plan submitted by the Development and Reform Commission the State Council, was formally promulgated in March next year.